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Message of the Minister

Today we celebrate the International Day for Biological Diversity, to recognise the pivotal
role of biodiversity to life on earth and human well-being. On this day in 1992, the text of the
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was adopted. To mark this, 22nd May has been
proclaimed by the United Nations as the International Day for Biological Diversity, to increase
awareness about the importance of and threats to biodiversity.

The theme this year, ‘Biodiversity for Sustainable Development’ is very topical, as the
international community accelerates its efforts to define the post-2015 agenda including
adopting a set of goals for sustainable development.

This year’s theme reflects the bigger and very crucial paradigm shift that the world has
undergone from seeing ‘development’ and ‘environment’ as two ends of a spectrum, where one
must be compromised in order to enhance the other, to having development while protecting

Biodiversity, the variety of life on earth, is vital to social and economic development, and
is indeed fundamental to our survival.Over the years, retrospective wisdom and the
development experience have guided us in favour of the commonsensical understanding that
protecting the variety of life forms and their infinitely complex interactions, form the very basis
for long-lasting and inclusive development. In other words, environment, or more specifically
biodiversity and its invaluable and often irreplaceable ecosystem services, from the air we
breathe to the water we drink, are the very foundation on which viable long-term development
rests. Former themes for the International Day for Biological Diversity have captured this fact in
snippets. Past themes have been: Biodiversity and Poverty Alleviation (2003); Biodiversity:
Food, Water and Health for All (2004); Biodiversity: Life Insurance for our Changing World
(2005); Protect Biodiversity in Drylands (2006); and Biodiversity and Agriculture (2008) among

The challenge before India to imbibe and translate the theme of ‘Biodiversity for
Sustainable Development’ is imperative in the light of our privileged status as a megabiodiverse
country, past and projected demographic transitions and commitment to democracy as a
political principle. These three facets make it non-negotiable that we galvanise the political will,
scientific and technological know-how and financial resources to contribute to the agenda set
out in the outcome document from the Rio+20 Conference, ‘The future we want’.

Nature has generously endowed our country. With only 2.4% of the world’s land area,
India has 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, with over 46,000 species of plants and
91,000 species of animals. India is also an acknowledged centre of crop diversity, and harbours
many wild and domesticated animals, fish and millions of microbes and insects. The ecosystem
diversity is also unparalleled. These are the strengths to draw upon to meet the goals of ending
poverty and hunger; achieving food security and improved nutrition and promoting sustainable
agriculture; ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages; ensuring
availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all and in making cities and
human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. Promoting multiple varieties of
staple food grains; switching to cropping patterns, wider seed and plant variety choices, water
conservation and utilisation patterns, and farming practices that combine the best of traditional
wisdom and science with a whole-system perspective; valuing the therapeutic properties and
medicinal uses of various parts of plants and animals; all form key aspects of the way ahead.
Communities that are inclusive and resilient are also the only ones that will be safe in the long
run. The income-poor in India and the world over face the negative fallouts of depleting and
degraded natural resources in disproportionate measure to those who are responsible for such
depletion and degradation. Sustainable development rests on a viable and sound natural
resource base.

The future we want thus depends heavily on the restorative and ameliorative action that
we engage with, in relation to our wealth in biodiversity today. This challenge can only be met
with broad stakeholder participation. From the right knowledge, to the right resources and the
right spirit of working together for the common good, may the International Day for Biological
Diversity 2015 help us draw on synergies and strengths across sectors to achieve the vision of
Biodiversity for Sustainable Development.

The Day is being celebrated all over the country by different States and organisations.
The main event is being held in Srinagar in the State of Jammu & Kashmir. In this event, the
BIOFIN India project is being formally launched today with the release of a brochure. Another
brochure on announcement of India Biodiversity Awards 2016, the third in the series is being
released today, alongwith a release of a publication on good models of biodiversity governance
emanating from India Biodiversity Awards 2014. Also being released today is an India Business
and Biodiversity Initiative publication on best practices on biodiversity management by some

As we celebrate the 2015 International Day for Biological Diversity, let us work together
for conserving biodiversity to ensure the future we want for us and our coming generations. For
we have borrowed this earth from our children, and not inherited it from our ancestors.


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